~들

‘들’ is usually added at the end of count nouns or pronouns to denote plurality.

 

Examples)

사람이 많이 왔네요. Many people have come.

이 그렇게 말했어요. They said so.

저것은 모두 빨간색으로 칠하세요. Paint all of those with red color.

However, it is also used with adverbs and suffixes to indicate that more than one subject are involved.

 

Examples)

빨리 / 오세요. –>  빨리 오세요. Come quick(, everyone).

많이 / 드세요. –> 많이 드세요. Help yourself as much as you want(, everyone).

조용히 / 하세요. –> 조용히 하세요. Please be quiet(, everyone).

QUIZ

예) 조심 / 하세요. –> 조심 하세요.

  1. 같이 / 갑시다. –> _________________.
  2. 열심히 / 공부하세요. –>_______________________.
  3. 앉아서 / 기다립시다. –>_______________________.
  4. 독서에 집중 / 하세요. –>_____________________________________.
  5. 한번만 설명할 거니까 잘 / 들으세요. –>__________________________.

~말고

This expression is used with nouns when the speaker refers to something over another one. When used with a verb, ‘-지 말고’ is used, and it indicates prohibition.

With nouns

  1. 난 초콜릿말고 사탕이 좋아.

I like candies, not chocolates.

  1. 버스말고 지하철을 타세요.

Take a subway, not a bus.

  1. 개 밥말고 고양이 밥이 필요해요.

I need cat food, not dog food.

  1. 고기말고 야채를 많이 드세요.

Eat a lot of vegetables, not a lot of meat.

  1. 초록색말고 파란색이 더 좋아 보여요.

The blue one looks better, not the green one.

With verbs

  1. 너무 서두르 말고 천천히 하세요.

Don’t rush too much, and do it slowly.

  1. 너무 많이 말하지 말고 들으세요.

Don’t talk too much, and listen.

  1. 버스 타지 말고 지하철을 타세요.

Don’t take the bus, and take the subway.

  1. 너무 많이 먹지 말고 운동하세요.

Don’t eat too much, and exercise.

  1. 지 말고 걸으세요.

Don’t run, and walk.

Quiz 

Translate the following into Korean.

  1. Don’t think too much, and just do it.

–> _______________________________________________________.

  1. Please give me grapes, not tomatoes.

–> _______________________________________________________.

  1. Don’t buy a motorcycle, and but a car.

–> _______________________________________________________.

  1. I want a cookie, not chocolate.

–> _______________________________________________________.

  1. Don’t start yet, and wait for me.

–> _______________________________________________________.

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