입니다

 

‘-입니다.’ is added to nouns in declarative sentences. It means ‘to be’ and is used in formal settings.

 

예문(example sentences)

저것은 교실입니다. That’s a classroom.

저것은 책상입니다. That’s a desk.

이것은 의자입니다. This is a chair.

이것은 칠판입니다. This is a blackboard.

이것은 제 연필입니다. This is my pencil

이것은 제 지우개입니다. This is my eraser.

그것은 펜입니다. It’s a pen.

그것은 필통입니다. It’s a pencil case.

그것은 컴퓨터입니다. It’s a computer.

 

In Korean, if you and the listener can guess (or already know) the subject of the sentence, you can omit it. For example,

선생님입니다. (I / She / He) am/is a teacher.

학생입니다. (I / She / He) am/is a student.

남자입니다. (I / She / He) am/is a man.

여자입니다. (I / She / He) am/is a woman

 

Omission of subject is often found in colloquial English, too:

A: “Going somewhere?”

B: “Yea. Gotta fix my car today.”

 

 

 

-입니까

The interrogative form is ‘입니까?

 

예문(example sentences):

이것이 무엇입니까? What is this?

생일이 언제입니까? When is (your) birthday?

이름이 무엇입니까? What is (your) name?

전화번호가 무엇입니까? What is (your) phone number?

학생입니까? Are (you) a student?

 

 

 

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